“GATTO: If you go through the twenty volumes of Thomas Jefferson’s writings, you can distill five principles that Jefferson said were justifications for schooling.
The first two were to teach people their rights and to teach them how to defend those rights.
The third was to know the ways of the human heart so well that you can be neither cheated nor fooled. There isn’t a school in the United States, certainly not a public school, that would dream of trying to aim for those goals.
LAPHAM: What are principles four and five?
GATTO: Four deals with the relation of citizens to experts: a citizen must never be intimidated by experts; experts deal only in facts, but important decisions are matters of philosophy and valuing, not fact. So the expert must always be subordinate.
And five is that an educated person possesses useful knowledge: how to build a house, how to grow food, how to make a dress, etc.”
John Taylor Gatto, Harper’s Magazine 2001